Raisin's Interest Rate Tracker

What is the Raisin Interest Rate Tracker?

Raisin regularly analyses retail and corporate interest rates from banks across the European Economic Area (EEA) as well as the data of the European Central Bank (ECB). In the Interest Rate Tracker you will find a comparison of each market’s top available interest rates with the rates at their respective largest banks; the spread between top 1- and 3-year rates; and a comment on the latest ECB data for retail and corporate interest rates across Europe. The newest edition is below.

Raisin’s Interest Rate Tracker: Interest rates in the summer slump?

Savings interest rates hit record low according to the ECB

  • According to the ECB, retail interest rates in the eurozone have again dropped to 0.16% on average, the lowest average interest rate on record.
  • Negative interest rates for corporate clients have set a new record with an average rate of -0.24%.
  • More and more major banks are no longer offering savings products to private customers. First banks are withdrawing completely from the retail business.

More and more financial institutions across Europe are being affected by negative interest rates, which begs the question: are retail deposits bringing banks to their knees? Financial market expert Dr. Tamaz Georgadze, Co-CEO of Raisin DS, summarizes the findings and comments on current developments:

“Many European financial institutions no longer even offer savings products to private customers. The example of the Dutch Rabobank shows the consequences of permanently low interest rates. It is discontinuing its RaboDirect private customer business in Germany at the end of the year. This affects 250,000 German private customers with more than eight billion euros in assets.” But why?

“A combination of high savings, cheap funding from the European Central Bank, and low interest rates, has a negative impact on the profitability of the direct banking business in the long term,” says Klaus Vehns, European Head of Direct Banking and Head of Germany at Rabobank, explaining the move. It is not the first bank in Europe to withdraw from retail banking this year due to excessive savings volumes.

The European Central Bank’s (ECB) recent policy review does not indicate immediate improvement either. The long-term inflation target has now been set at exactly two percent and no further measures have been taken, although ECB Director Isabel Schnabel herself recently forecasted inflation of over three percent for Germany.

Accordingly, there is currently no hope for improvement at the markets. On the contrary, retail interest rates have dropped to the previous all time low of 0.16%. The rates for corporate clients have even reached a new all time low with -0.24%, falling two basis points below the previous all time low of -0.22%.

WeltSparen’s interest rate radar analyzes the highest available interest rates in the European markets as well as the average interest rates of the three largest banks in each country. In addition, the WeltSparen interest radar evaluates savings interest rates in Europe for private and business customers based on ECB data.

 

Summer blues: interest rates – few changes at big banks and top offers

In large parts of Europe the situation remains unchanged. Most of the big banks still offer only low interest rates or no fixed-term deposits at all. The interest rates of the top fixed-term deposit offers are also generally stagnating, so that interest rate hopping between different savings offers is only useful in a few cases. In Germany, the average prime rate of the top three offers on the market remains unchanged at its previous low of 0.523%.

  • Norway remains the frontrunner, both for the largest banks (0.483%) and for the top offers (1.217%).
  • In Poland, the United Kingdom and Italy, top offers have reached or surpassed the 1% mark.
  • Beyond that, there were changes only in the Netherlands and France.
  • In France, the top interest rates for one-year investments rose by around seven basis points to 0.517%, while in the Netherlands they fell slightly – to now 0.35%.
  • At 0.050%, Ireland is still last, just behind Spain, which is in second-to-last place at 0.267% for 1 year fixed-term deposits.

 

Summer Break: Top 1-year and 3-year deposits mostly the same

In many markets, there were no changes in interest rates compared with the previous month for either the top 1-or 3-year fixed-term deposit products. The changes that did occur were mostly positive. Only in the Netherlands did interest rates fall for both 1-and 3-year deposit products. Meanwhile in Italy and Portugal, there was a decline only for 3-year deposits.

  • Germany is stagnating at 0.523% for 1-year and 0.587% for 3-year time deposits. At 0.064, it has the lowest average interest rate differential after Ireland (0.050).
  • In the United Kingdom and Poland, interest rates rose for 1- and 3-year savings products.
  • Italy still offers the highest interest rates in the eurozone in both categories.
  • The comparison continues to be dominated in both categories by markets that are not members of the euro-area: Sweden, Norway, the United Kingdom and Poland. Only in the case of 3-year deposits Italy continues to rank third, despite a recent decline.

Notes: Some of the selected big banks do neither offer a 1-year term deposit nor an account with an interest bonus after 365 days without withdrawal. Their interest rate is set 0.0% for the calculation to represent the lack of an offer. In markets where we have only found two offers for 1-year term deposits, in total, the average is calculated with just those two values.

 

ECB data analysis: Retail interest rates back at all time low

According to the latest ECB data, interest rates for private customers in the eurozone have fallen back to their all-time low of December 2020, after a slight recovery. Savers can now earn an average of only 0.16% interest. Meanwhile, the picture for the EU’s largest economies is mixed. Despite declines, interest rates in France and Italy are still at 0.40% and 0.60% respectively. On the other hand, savers in Spain and Germany are earning virtually no return at 0.01%. The situation is particularly painful for German savers as the interest rate has fallen to its lowest since the start of the year, and that too with a high preliminary inflation rate of 2.3% in June. This puts the interest rate just two basis points above the negative record of -0.01% in December 2020.

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.
  • In Germany, the average interest rate for new deposits of up to one year decreased by 83% to 0.01%, and thus almost into the negative zone; compared to the previous year, the interest rate even fell by 95%.
  • Across Europe, Italy recorded the biggest drop in absolute terms with -22 basis points, but still has the third-highest interest rates at 0.60%.
  • In Europe, savers in Romania (1.09%) and the Netherlands (0.88%) receive the highest interest rates.
  • In Spain (0.01%), Portugal (0.05%) and Cyprus (0.07%), interest rates are stagnating at a low level.
  • In the consumer segment, Denmark remains the only country in the EU with negative interest rates at -0.24%. Meanwhile, one of the long-time bottom performers in the table, namely Ireland, celebrates an average of 0.13%, a massive year-on-year increase of 550%.

 

ECB data analysis: Corporate interest rates set new record low

A drop of six basis points makes business customers in the euro-zone face a new negative record: they have to pay an average of -0.24% penalty interest on 1-year deposits. Business customers from Ireland and Luxembourg are hit even harder, having to pay an average interest rate of -0.43%. Again, the largest economies show different developments. While France and Germany recorded a drop of around ten basis points, interest rates in Spain rose by ten basis points and in Italy by 17 basis points.

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.
  • Business clients in eleven countries have to pay penalty interest.
  • In Germany, the Netherlands and Austria, the penalty interest rates each amount to around -0.35%.
  • Compared with the previous month, interest rates in France fell by 8 basis points back to below zero (-0.02%).
  • Denmark has the highest negative rate charges with -0.50%. Luxembourg and Ireland are in second-to-last place, each with -0.43%.
  • Romania, Malta and Italy offer the highest interest rates for business customers in Europe, at 1.07%, 0.70% and 0.48% respectively.

 

SOURCES

Raisin / WeltSparen, ECB, DESTATIS, Handelsblatt, Rabobank

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – sparzinsen-vergleich.at/
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Netherlands: RaboBank, ING, ABN – geld.nl, spaarrente.nl
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

 

 

High inflation temporary, but not low rates, says ECB

Interest rate spread indicates liquidity imbalances still plague European banking

The European Central Bank has indicated that it sees rising inflation as a temporary phenomenon, but not low interest rates. The bank intends to keep clamping down on rates through the first quarter of 2022. The ECB’s new retail interest rate data shows another slight uptick, the third month in a row that rates avoided slipping on average. The increases we see in the latest ECB numbers are starting from deep lows, though, with the Eurozone average overall at 0.19%.

Where is there too much cash, and where not enough? Interest rate spread across Europe narrows but a 1-point difference remains

Raisin’s own research into the highest available rates market to market, as well as the lowest – in the form of averages of rates from each country’s three largest banks –  indicate that the spreads of interest within markets are contracting. The big banks are offering ever lower interest rates but the top rates are falling faster. In Germany, for instance, the trend may be about to accelerate: the highest court has just forbidden banks from offsetting their costs by charging existing customers higher or extra fees – exposing the country’s banks to steep new liabilities, an estimated 300 million euros for Deutsche Bank alone.*

There is still a 1.06 point spread in average retail interest rates across the European Economic Area, however, according to the ECB’s numbers, and our own data shows a 0.966 point spread in top interest rates across the main European markets.

Both the average spread and that of the highest rates point to cross-border opportunities for banks and depositors alike. Banking expert and Raisin Head of Partner Bank Management and Operations Matthias Klaubert explains below how sustained low interest is changing the range of products available to consumers and impacting the liquidity imbalance in the banking industry.

 

  • The highest interest rates in the Eurozone countries took a plunge – all except for France and Belgium. The average top interest on 1-year deposits in Italy is now below 1%, and at a new low of 0.523% in Germany.
  • France hung on to its 0.45% top rate and Belgium to its 0.55%.
  • Outside the Eurozone the situation was more stable, with Sweden, Norway, and Poland the same.
  • Only the UK climbed a fraction, the one market we looked at to go up – more than a tenth of a percent again for the second month in a row.
  • Many of the continent’s biggest banks meanwhile offer no 1-year fixed term deposits at all, including in Germany, Spain, and the Netherlands. The big banks in Ireland, France, Poland, and Austria have few offers, and at rock bottom interest.
  • Only in Belgium, Italy, and Norway do most of the largest banks offer not just 1-year fixed term products but on average more than a tenth of a percent interest. (In Italy, it must be said, this is only one of the largest banks, with the other two offering no 1-year deposit products.)

 

Top 1-year versus top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

Within the Eurozone only in Italy are the highest 3-year interest rates above 1%, while all the top 1-year rates have sunk below the 1% marker. But outside the zone, all the countries we surveyed – from the UK to Poland to Scandinavia – have relatively strong top 3-year rates well over 1%, and 1-year rates following the same trend, near or even above 1%.

  • Norway, Sweden, and Italy continue to feature the highest 1- and 3-year fixed term deposit interest rates, in our survey of Europe’s largest markets, with the UK not far behind.
  • The best available 3-year fixed-term interest rates sank for the most part across the Eurozone, going down in Germany, Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands and Ireland.
  • Italy, France and Belgium stayed the same, however, with a high 1.575% average on top 3-year rates holding firm in Italy.
  • Outside the Eurozone, the UK saw an increase up to a 1.12% average.
  • In Germany, Belgium, and Ireland, the spread between 1- and 3-year top interest rates has narrowed even more, now at or under one tenth of a point.

 

ECB Data: Retail Interest Rates

Average retail interest rates remain at or below 0.2% in 15 countries across Europe, but since one year ago several markets have experienced notable swings. Italy’s average rate dropped from 1.55% last March, at the start of the pandemic, to 0.82% in the most recent data. The UK fell from 1.04% to today’s 0.27%, France from 0.76% to 0.41%, and Poland all the way from 1.2% last year to 0.19% now.

Of the continent’s larger countries only Sweden bucked the trend, rising from an average retail rate one year ago of 0.15% to 0.42% now. Belgium more than doubled its average but just at a low range, from 0.09% to 0.21% now.

Retail Rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

  • Four of the larger countries (France, Belgium, Netherlands and Sweden) experienced small increases in the average interest rate, between 2 and 6 basis points.
  • Meanwhile Germany stayed the same at an average of 0.06%, along with Italy (0.82%) and Spain (0.01%) and Greece (0.16%).
  • Italy’s high average at 0.82% remains an outlier among the big economies (when you exclude the Dutch average rate, whose calculation includes dedicated building-focused savings products).
  • Several smaller European markets – Denmark, Latvia, Malta – saw sharp decreases in their average interest rates, from -16 to -33 basis points.

 

ECB Data: Corporate Interest Rates

Adding to the pressure of increasing inflation, corporates in 22 European countries are facing interest rates on average under 0.1% on their cash. The Eurozone’s average interest rate for businesses is down to 0.18%. Businesses in Germany, Spain, and the Netherlands are particularly hard hit, with average rates between -0.23% and -0.29%, and in Ireland at the bottom with a punishing -0.43% average on corporate deposits.

Corporate rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

  • Businesses in 10 European countries are facing negative rates on their deposits, including Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Ireland, and Spain.
  • Another 12 markets – France, the UK, and Sweden among them – have average rates for corporates of under 0.1%.
  • Of the Western European economies only Italy has a competitive average rate at 0.31%. Estonia along with several Eastern European markets also offer businesses on average a return on their cash.
  • Rates near or below zero challenge businesses with stark penalties for holding cash in the face of rising inflation.

 

Comment by Matthias Klaubert, Raisin Head of Partner Bank Management and Operations

Matthias Klaubert (c) Lukas Schramm

 

“Banks are facing a unique set of liquidity management challenges in 2021 coming out of the pandemic, knowing customer spending is coming back, but with uncertainty on when and to what extent. The sharp rise in inflation over the last few months also highlights the pressure on banking customers – retail and corporate alike – to find solutions that reduce their losses, if not offer profitability. In several major Eurozone markets the largest banks are increasingly imposing negative rates on business customers, and even lowering the negative rate threshold for retail customers. This increases the pressure on customers to act now. In Germany, the Netherlands, and Spain according to our research, many big banks are so over-liquid that they no longer offer their customers the most popular 1-year fixed-term deposit products at all.

At the same time, we see enormous dynamism in certain sectors of the economy, for instance, but not limited to, the tech sector during the pandemic, and a strong B2B banking market to serve those sectors on the backend. Specialized banks participating in this growth need ever more of that liquidity – much of which is stuck at Europe’s biggest banks – and the specialized banks’ margins enable them to compete on rate to attract the cash they need.

Given the threat of inflation (even if it appears to have been overstated), depositors are eager for savings options that help them mitigate their money’s potential loss in value. The sustained low interest rate environment makes it easier for banks in need of liquidity to stand out to such customers – and surveying European markets they have very cost-effective options in places like Germany, the Netherlands, and Spain.”

 

*https://www.handelsblatt.com/finanzen/banken-versicherungen/banken/bgh-urteil-deutschebankrechnet-mit-300-millionen-euro-belastungen/27273148.html

Notes: Some of the selected big banks do neither offer a one-year term deposit nor an account with an interest bonus after 365 days without withdrawal. Their interest rate is set 0.0% for the calculation to represent the lack of an offer in the average.

In markets where we have only found two offers for 3-year term deposits, in total, the average is calculated with just those two values.

 

Sources

Raisin, ECB

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – sparzinsen-vergleich.at/
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Netherlands: RaboBank, ING, ABN – geld.nl, spaarrente.nl
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

The end of saving? Europeans trapped between rising inflation and decreasing interest rates

Interest rates across Europe have not yet hit their lowest point, continuing to slip fractionally month by month (year by year). The trend has been exacerbated by the pandemic’s economic impact, as we noted last month. As Europeans sit on their savings (some still anxious about the economy or unevenly employed), banks are also hesitating to increase loan activity, meaning ever larger piles of excess cash on their balance sheets. These are among the chief drivers keeping interest rates low, in spite of the European Central Bank’s stimulus efforts.

At best, consumers can look to mitigate the effects of higher inflation by putting their cash in short- to mid-term fixed-rate deposit vehicles. Current inflation numbers – expected to rise further through the year – range from 0.79% (Italy) to 1.24% (France), 1.88% (Netherlands), and ca. 2% (Germany and Spain) across the largest EU markets.

The long view: Many years of low-rate policy have not succeeded in providing the necessary stimulus, so the ECB is debating whether an increase in the inflation target could help drive interest rates back upward.

  • Top available interest on deposits changed in Austria, France, Italy, Sweden, Norway and the UK, with increases only in the UK of more than a tenth of a point.
  • France, Italy, Norway, and Sweden all saw the average of their highest interest rates decline.
  • Rates were stagnant in Germany, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Ireland.
  • Seven of the markets we analyse have spreads between highest rates and lowest (i.e. big banks’ rates) of more than half a point, including Germany, the UK, and Spain.

 

Top 1-year versus top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

The spread between top 1- and 3-year fixed-term deposit rates remains narrow, under a tenth of a point in Germany and Ireland, and under three tenths in Spain, the Netherlands, the UK, Austria, Poland, and Norway.

France and Italy are among the outliers, with 3-year top rates on average over four tenths of a percent higher than 1-year top rates.

  • In the UK and top 3-year interest rates also increased slightly, along with top 1-year rates – in the UK under one tenth.
  • France’s top 3-year rate joined the decreasing 1-year top rates: the average of the highest French 3-year deposit offers fell just over one tenth of a percent from last month.
  • Germany’s top 3-year interest rate average also slipped but only fractionally.

ECB Data: Retail Interest Rates

The trend across Europe was, again, downward for interest rates. On average, fixed term interest rates on deposits with terms of one year or less fell across the Euro Area, reflecting only slight shifts, however, in already-low rates. Since the start of 2021 not one Eurozone country has seen an average rate over one percent.

Retail Rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

  • Of the largest European countries, France and Sweden lost the most ground on average, with France down -12 basis points and Sweden -8.
  • Smaller markets of Slovakia and Latvia also reflected losses, with Latvia’s average rate down -16 basis points and Slovakia’s falling -10.
  • The only notable upward movement in the latest ECB data was in Luxembourg and Denmark, which are typically volatile relative to the rest of Europe – but only because the numbers reflect every little movement at the fewer banks in those two markets.

ECB Data: Corporate Interest Rates

Corporates may be feeling the good news from the European Central Bank in the shape of small increases in interest rates on business deposits in some of the largest Euro markets, including Germany, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

France, notably, escaped negative rate territory with at least a temporary respite for French businesses.

Corporate rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

  • Germany and the Netherlands are still in negative territory, but now much closer to zero than last month at -0.12% and -0.22% respectively – up from recent lows of -0.42% and -0.43% in February.
  • France gained ground to reach above zero, up 17 basis points to 0.04% on average.
  • Business deposit rates in Spain remain under water at -0.31%, unchanged from last month.
  • Corporates in Ireland are seeing the lowest interest rates in the Eurozone, with an average of -0.46% on Irish business deposits.

 

Raisin VP Strategy and Business Development Verena Thaler explains the impact of current low interest rates on consumers and their wealth management options:

 

“We are entering a new era for wealth building. There are entirely novel challenges for consumers to build their wealth or to diversify their money in short term investments. Most Europeans with savings in the bank face ever lower or even negative interest rates. Now, with inflation rising above the highest interest rates, their ability to earn a yield from their savings has all but disappeared.

However, investors do still have the chance to mitigate the damage to their savings from inflation and negative rates. Their best options involve balancing the market’s higher interest rates against the decreasing value of their money, even if it means moving some of their cash from their house bank to a better deposit offer elsewhere.

Wealth building is all about choosing the best available opportunities, even when changes to the market present new obstacles.”

 

Sources

Raisin, ECB

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – sparzinsen-vergleich.at/
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Netherlands: RaboBank, ING, ABN – geld.nl, spaarrente.nl
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

 

About Raisin

A trailblazer for open banking and the leading pan-European one-stop shop for online savings and investments, Berlin-based fintech Raisin was founded in 2012 by Dr. Tamaz Georgadze (CEO), Dr. Frank Freund (CFO) and Michael Stephan (COO). Raisin’s platforms — under the brand WeltSparen in the German-speaking world — are breaking down barriers to better savings for European consumers and SMEs: Raisin’s marketplace offers simple access at no charge to attractive and guaranteed deposit products from all over Europe, as well as globally diversified, cost-effective ETF portfolios and pension products (currently available in Germany). With one online registration, customers can choose from all available investments and subsequently manage their accounts. Since launch in 2013, Raisin has placed 34 billion EUR in deposits for 350,000 customers in 28+ European countries and 106 partner banks. Raisin was named to Europe’s top 5 fintechs by the FinTech50 awards and is backed by European and American investors such as btov Ventures, Goldman Sachs, PayPal Ventures, Thrive Capital, Index Ventures, Orange Digital Ventures and Ribbit Capital. Raisin UK in Manchester, banking-as-a-service provider Raisin Bank in Frankfurt, Raisin Pension, and Raisin Technology and Raisin U.S. all belong to Raisin.

Pandemic knocked top interest rates down – intensifying years-long trend

Two years ago this month, interest rates of over 1% were available on retail deposits in the five largest European economies (Germany, the UK, France, Italy, and Spain) as well as in Norway and Sweden.

One year ago, rates over 1% could still be found in all of those countries but France, where the average top rate had fallen to 0.93%.

Today, consumers can only find top rates over 1% in Italy, along with Sweden and Norway.

 

Meanwhile, with over 5 trillion euros on overnight accounts and 423 billion euros in fixed term deposits total across the Eurozone alone, Europeans stand to lose large sums if faced with only the low and negative rates at the biggest banks. At the same time, the big banks have to pay for their excess liquidity at their respective central banks, giving them incentives to move their customers’ cash to other financial institutions, which are still, in many cases, offering somewhat higher rates.

 

  • After hovering around 1% until this past fall, the top available interest rates in France, Germany, and Spain began to decline more sharply in October 2020 to their current levels between 0.5 and 0.75%.
  • Having already fallen by half a percent between spring 2019 and spring 2020, the UK top rate has lost another half percent over the last year, but only after volatile movement month on month, arriving now at a low of 0.597%.
  • Like the UK, Italy’s average top interest rate dropped significantly between spring 2019 and spring 2020. Italy then shadowed the trend in mainland Europe, slipping another few tenths of a percent since summer but its current 0.133% is a new low.
  • Interest rates at the largest banks across the continent remain stagnant, with only fractional changes in the last two years – and few exceptions (the UK being one, falling from 0.77% in spring 2019 to today’s 0.107%).

 

Top 1-year versus top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

Despite drops or stagnation in the top available interest rates in most markets across Europe, the highest rates available to consumers market to market (not including Raisin offers) remain notable.

Particularly given large increases in net savings inflows in the Benelux countries, France and Italy compared to last year at this time, according to the European Central Bank’s latest data, these top interest rates are crucial. Germany and Spain, however, both saw decreases in savings inflows relative to one year ago – perhaps a result of the crushingly low average rates in those markets, visible in the ECB charts below.

  • Top interest rates broadly sat tight this month or slipped marginally, with few exceptions.
  • Italy and France stand out for their relatively wide spreads between top 1- and 3-year interest rates, nearly half a percent in both markets.
  • In the UK, Portugal, the Netherlands and Sweden the spread is several tenths of a percent.
  • Otherwise the yield difference between 1- and 3-year terms is narrow enough to raise questions: are those 3-year deposits worth the risk that rates tick back up even 0.1 or 0.2 points in a year?
  • Spain remains the outlier, with higher top 1-year interest rates than 3-year.

 

ECB Data: Retail Interest Rates

Twelve markets in the Eurozone feature average retail interest rates under 0.2% according to the European Central Bank’s latest data. Four countries’ average rates are still above 0.5%. Germany has recovered for now from its dip into negative territory at the end of 2020, climbing slightly along with Italy, while average rates in both France and the UK fell.

Retail Rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

 

  • Italy, Ireland and even Germany saw uplift coming into February, with the average interest rate increasing by 12, 10 and 4 basis points respectively.
  • France and the UK lost 8 and 7 basis points respectively between January and February, Belgium and Austria 5 and 4 points.
  • In Spain, retail rates remain at 0.01% – for the third consecutive month.
  • Since last year at the same time – just before the pandemic slammed into the global economy – the UK, France and Italy have all seen their average rates plunge, down between 32 and 65 basis points.

 

ECB Data: Corporate Interest Rates

Corporate interest rates continue to lose ground across the Eurozone despite increases in Italy, Austria, Spain and elsewhere.

Corporate rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

 

  • Germany and France find themselves today – at -0.26% and -0.13% respectively – nearly where they were one year ago (-0.25% and -0.10%).
  • The Netherlands, Spain, and Ireland fell more significantly in the past year, though all have also been stuck below zero the entire time.
  • Italy, as the outlier, swung from an average corporate interest rate of -0.23 in February 2020 to 0.44% in the ECB’s latest data.

Sources

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – biallo.at
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Netherlands: RaboBank, ING, ABN – geld.nl, spaarrente.nl
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

Europe’s biggest banks hit depositors twice, lowering interest rates and offering few fixed-term products

  • Pandemic year took off up to half the value of top interest rates across Europe
  • Germany’s average interest rate climbs back above zero
  • Largest Spanish banks offer no fixed term deposits at all
  • European consumers now have €5 trillion on overnight and current accounts

Since March 2020, the largest banks in all but one of the European countries where we track interest rates have lowered interest rates, with Belgium the only exception. The last several months, since lockdowns returned across Europe in the fall, have seen regular downward movement.

Raisin banking expert, VP Europe and Chair of Raisin UK Katharina Lueth, examines the connection, in the comment below, between savings volume and low rates.

In every country we survey (again, except Belgium) the highest available interest rates also fell since March 2020, losing up to 50% of their value in some cases over the last year, with Norway, Poland, and France hardest hit. In the bulk of Western Europe and the UK, top offers on average slipped fractionally even since last month.

  • Within the Eurozone, the average rate at the three largest banks in Germany, France, and Austria has dipped since October. Outside the zone, big banks’ rates in the UK, Sweden, and Norway also slid.
  • Rates held steady, if low, at the big banks in Italy, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, the Netherlands and Ireland.
  • Those markets’ highest available rates remained between 2 and 24 times higher.
  • Germany continues to hold the record for largest multiple (x164) between interest rates at its biggest banks and the country’s top deposit offers.

 

Top 1-year versus top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

Three-year interest rates are predictably higher than 1-year rates across Europe, except in Spain, where the average interest rate of the top 3-year offers (0.673%) is a fraction below that of the top 1-year offers (0.733%).

  • A handful of countries including Germany, France and the UK saw top available interest rates fall across the board, 1- and 3-year offers both affected.
  • Roughly the other half of markets we investigated, including Spain, Ireland, Italy and Belgium, saw no movement on highest rates in either the 1- or 3-year category.
  • Only in Spain do we see 1-year top offers higher than 3-year rates. There, the biggest three banks are not even currently offering fixed term deposits with 1-year terms or less.
  • Within the Eurozone just France and Italy have 3-year average top rates over 1%.

 

ECB Data: Retail Interest Rates

The latest European Central Bank data shows most of the Eurozone started 2021 with a small bounce in interest rates. This increase aligns with the jump in inflation that many analysts now believe to be due to temporary economic factors related to the pandemic.

Germany can nonetheless celebrate being back out of negative interest territory on average, at least for the time being.

Retail Rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

  • The big Eurozone economies of Germany, France, Italy, and the Netherlands all registered an uplift in average interest rates to start the New Year.
  • France in particular jumped 27 basis points.
  • Since January 2020 Germany, France, Italy and the UK have nonetheless taken large hits of -11 to -62 basis points.
  • Outside the Eurozone Sweden and the UK both crept upward by 3 basis points to the respectable averages of 0.54% and 0.38%.
  • Rates in Eastern Europe and Denmark meanwhile plunged -12 to -23 basis points.

 

ECB Data: Corporate Interest Rates

Even with an 25% increase in the average rate across the Eurozone, nine of its markets impose negative interest on corporate deposits. Of the 28 countries surveyed, the latest ECB data show 21 of them with average rates at or below 0.1%.

Corporate rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

  • Spain lost the most ground of Europe’s large economies, falling to -0.34% on business deposits, the lowest average interest in the Eurozone.
  • Germany and the Netherlands climbed back from last month’s record depths to a still punishing -0.23% and -0.18% respectively.
  • Italy (0.32%) and Malta (0.77%) both saw bumps and continue to feature the highest corporate rates by far in the Eurozone.

 

Comment

Katharina Lueth, Raisin VP Europe and Chair of Raisin UK, explains the impact of cash accumulation at big banks:

All-time low interest at the largest banks across Europe, along with falling top deposit offers, bode poorly for European depositors.

Savers in the Eurozone, moreover, started 2021 with 14% more savings volume across the continent (a total of ca. €5 trillion) on overnight and current accounts than in January 2020, according to the European Central Bank’s latest data. Savings volume in the most popular fixed-term accounts – up to two years – fell 13% between January 2020 and 2021, with now €427 billion in total.

Low interest rates along with economic uncertainty have pushed consumers away from investing in term deposits. The high volume of cash at big banks is, in turn, costing banks at the ECB, where they must pay interest on their liquidity overhang. It’s also getting increasingly passed on to customers and is connected to stagnation in other parts of the market.

 

Sources

Raisin, ECB

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – biallo.at
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Netherlands: RaboBank, ING, ABN – geld.nl, spaarrente.nl
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

Alarm for depositors: Average retail interest rate falls below zero in first European market

  • German retail interest rate at -0.01% on average, with corporate rate at an average of -0.42%
  • Across Europe Raisin found top available interest rates for depositors between 0.4% and 1.27%
  • Many Europeans will have to cross borders to reach inflation-mitigating interest rates
  • Raisin CEO Dr. Tamaz Georgadze weighs the impact of rising inflation against sustained low interest

 

With inflation sharply up in Europe, consumers and businesses alike face the prospect of paying significant penalties for holding on to their money. Raisin’s latest interest rate analysis shows Germany’s average interest rate below zero, with Spain at zero and the French, no longer sheltered by their high state-subsidized rate through the Livret A, also sliding.  Europeans’ savings appear likely not only to lose value, if inflation stays at nearly one percent, but also owe fees for sitting in current accounts at their respective countries’ biggest banks.

Negative rates also weigh heavily on European business, as ten countries now have negative corporate interest rates on average, including Germany, the Netherlands, and Ireland. Institutions like pension funds are paying the price too: the German state retirement fund alone had to hand over 230 million euros to the European Central Bank from 2017 to 2020.

 

What will the impact of rising inflation be in a sustained low-interest environment? Why do so few Europeans realise that there are inflation-beating options, or simply that their money has the right to move within Europe to wherever interest rates are best? Raisin founder and CEO Dr. Tamaz Georgadze expands on these questions in the comment below, with a look as well at the results of ECB’s latest research “ECB listens.”

 

  • The ratios between lowest and highest interest rates, market to market across the continent, remained varied but mostly high, with German best rates still coming in nearly 200 times higher than rates at its three biggest banks.
  • Only in Ireland and Sweden did the big bank rates move at all, falling slightly over the past month. (Ireland’s best rates have previously always come from its big banks, but only because we don’t include data from Raisin’s Ireland platform here.)
  • All four of Europe’s largest economies have average top interest rates in-market near or at official inflation rates (and from what we’re seeing, if consumers dig into those offers, they’ll find individual options above inflation).
  • Europeans with the option to put their money across a border into Sweden or Italy, for instance, can expect a return on a 1-year fixed term deposit, with a real interest rate anywhere between 0.2% and 0.8% depending on where they are in Europe (assuming current inflation rates hold).

Top 1-year and top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

For consumers looking to beat inflation with compounding interest over a longer term, Portugal, Italy, Sweden, Norway, and Poland are the places to look, all with top interest rates on 3-year deposits above, and sometimes well above, 1%. (We could include the Baltics, though not listed here, with Estonia’s top offers on 3-year terms coming in at an average of 1.933% according to Raisin’s research.)

  • Top interest rates on deposits of 1-year terms and less slid a fraction on average in parts of southern and western Europe, from Belgium and the Netherlands, to Portugal, France, and Italy. Poland also saw similar downward movement.
  • Belgium, Portugal, Italy and Poland, along with Norway and Sweden, all saw dips in their longer term 3-year deposit interest rates as well.
  • The UK alone experienced an increase in average best 1-year and 3-year interest rates, by a few hundredths of a percent on the former, but more than a tenth of a percent on 3-year terms.

ECB Data: Retail Interest Rates

For the first time the European Central Bank data shows a European country averaging negative rates for retail customers: Germany’s average interest rate on deposits of 1-year or less slipped below zero to -0.01%. Denmark and Luxembourg have sunk even lower to -0.14% and -0.22% respectively, though the volatility of interest rates in both countries suggests that they could be out of the woods sooner than Germany.

Retail Rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

  • Spain’s retail rate fell back to 0.01% after bouncing up a tenth of a percent in recent months.
  • Within the Eurozone just Italy, the Netherlands, and Malta are staying above half a percent (though the Dutch average is buoyed by subsidized building accounts).
  • Outside the Eurozone the picture is not much rosier, with only Poland, Sweden, and Romania holding out over 0.5%.
  • While France, Spain, Germany and the UK all tanked, a small handful of countries saw increases, including Italy, Austria, Belgium, Finland, Sweden, and Poland.

ECB Data: Corporate Interest Rates

The Netherlands has snatched the dubious distinction away from Germany of having the lowest average corporate interest rates in the Eurozone, at -0.43%.

Corporate rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

  • With Germany’s rates for business deposits now at -0.42%, down from -0.37% in last month’s data, we’ll see how long the Dutch will hold that undesirable trophy.
  • Corporates in Austria, Italy, Ireland, Sweden and Denmark are also paying negative rates on average.
  • No escape from inflation here, except potentially Malta with an average corporate rate of 0.69%.
  • Otherwise if businesses want to minimise the pain, they can look to options from the Baltics and eastern Europe.

A comment from Raisin CEO and co-founder Dr. Tamaz Georgadze on the impact of inflation on depositors:

According to the European Central Bank’s consumer survey “ECB listens,” Europeans have begun exhibiting deep financial pessimism after a decade of low and still falling interest rates. The study (though not representative) reveals widespread frustration about low rates, along with intensifying fear of inflation, particularly vis a vis real estate prices. This anxiety and pessimism tracks with Raisin’s own findings in a representative Europe-wide survey of attitudes on interest rates, conducted in March 2020. The long-term pessimism itself in locked-down Europe casts a shadow over the economic outlook.

While the ECB defends the economic effectiveness of low rates, and inflation targets of 2% have their merit, Europeans still need to reach at least basic financial goals like securing their retirement. Beyond needed public policy measures, there are two gaps that need to be filled to fend off this dangerous pessimism and make sure they can continue to work toward such goals. One is a financial awareness gap, evidenced by Europeans leaving staggering sums of cash on their current accounts earning no interest, losing billions of euros in potential wealth. The other is a digital access gap, between the current reality and Europe’s aspiration to a single market –  which, when realised, will enable better digital banking and bring the benefits from cross-border offers and hurdle-free online access.

Dr. Tamaz Georgadze

Contact

Raisin Communications International
Nicole Breforth & Maggie Bell, press@raisin.com

 

Sources

Raisin, ECB, Statista

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – biallo.at
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Netherlands: RaboBank, ING, ABN – geld.nl, spaarrente.nl
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

Euro Zone = Zero Zone? Depositors at biggest banks earn near 0% in almost all of Europe

Scandinavian countries offer the highest interest rates on the continent

As interest rates for savers at Europe’s largest banks sank further or stayed at rock bottom, the highest available interest rates contrasted more starkly, from four times higher in France to more than 200 times higher in Germany. Consumers in all four of the Eurozone’s richest countries, currently in possession of 6.323 trillion euros in deposits, can secure a yield on their money if they choose to.

Germany, France, and Italy all saw their best interest rates buck the downward trend, at least for this month. As interest rates at the biggest banks of those three countries stayed low or dropped even further, the rate spreads widened – increasing opportunity for depositors in three of Europe’s largest economies.

Although Spain’s top interest rates slipped fractionally, the gaping spread between the largest banks at 0% and best rates at 0.733% puts Spanish banking customers in the same boat.

  • The largest banks across Europe feature rates on average between 0% and  0.13% – except in the UK (0.183%) and Norway (0.483%).
  • The interest rate spread narrowed in Spain, Portugal, Austria, and Poland, as well as in the UK and Norway.
  • Only in Germany did the spread increase this month with German big bank rates falling yet further and top offer rising.
  • Sweden and Norway have the highest top interest rates in Europe, while Ireland has the lowest (though only by excluding the Raisin Ireland marketplace, products from which bring Ireland up next to Spain and Portugal).
  • The UK and Austria saw rates go down all around, both top offers and big banks.

Top 1-year versus top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

In most of Europe the top available 3-year interest rates fell. Investors may be uneasy about the potential for economic recovery following the pandemic. This could also indicate a lack of appetite on the part of banks for longer-term cash as so many of them are facing over-liquidity following the 2020 savings surge. Only in Germany did the top available interest rates rise on 1- and 3-year term deposits.

  • The best interest rates on 3-year terms fell in France, Italy and Sweden, despite 1-year rates rising in those markets.
  • 3-year rates also fell, together with 1-year rates, in Austria, Spain, Poland, the UK and Norway.
  • Spain continues to have higher top rates on 1-year term deposits than 3-year.
  • Italy and Sweden feature the highest 3-year interest rates in Europe, with Poland and Norway not far behind.
  • Italy also has the widest spread between 1-year and 3-year rates.

ECB DATA: Retail Interest Rates

The European Central Bank’s latest data shows little to no change across most of the continent. Eighteen of the 28 European countries, including Germany, the UK, and France, saw shifts in their average retail interest rates of 3 basis points or fewer – in fact, most at 1 or 0 basis points of change.

Of the six nations with stand-out rate changes, even large increases of 10 to 30 basis points (in Spain and Denmark) resulted in average rates of just 0.11%. Meanwhile, several markets with relatively higher rates saw drops, meaning the average spread across Europe contracted.

Retail Rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

 

  • The biggest interest rate decreases came in Italy, Latvia, and Slovakia, where rates have been relatively high.
  • Spain, Belgium, and Denmark all saw significant increases, though their rates only made it as high as 0.11% (Spain and Denmark) and 0.28% (Belgium).
  • 12 countries saw no change at all, on average, or just 1 basis point up or down.
  • A glance at the difference between November 2020 averages and November 2019 shows nonetheless how volatile the year was (see the two right-hand columns).

ECB DATA: Corporate interest rates

With only slight changes from last month’s ECB data, businesses in nine European nations are still paying negative interest on average for their deposits, totalling 3.11 trillion euros in the Eurozone as of November 2020.

These continue to include much of Western Europe – Germany, Austria, Spain, the Benelux countries, and Ireland – with France (0.01%) and the UK (0.07%) sinking ever closer to 0% to join them.

Corporate rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

 

  • Germany dropped a fraction of a percent further, pushing the lowest average corporate interest rate in Europe down to -0.37%.
  • Belgium and Ireland also crept lower, not far behind Germany at -0.30% and -0.23% respectively.
  • Businesses in Spain saw a significant jump in interest rates but still leaving their average under 0% at -0.17%.

Comment

Raisin Head of Business Clients Lisa Schmid explains the impact of negative interest rates on German small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs):

“In June 2014, the ECB’s interest rate for the deposit facility fell into negative territory, to -0.1%, for the first time. What appeared to be a short-term measure at the time has long since become the norm. Depositors, both private investors and companies, are looking for ways to escape negative interest rates on deposits. How are SMEs, which account for 99.6% of companies in Germany, responding to this rate environment?

While in June 2017 only one in five companies stated that they paid negative interest, when asked by ifo (in their survey, “Economic survey on negative interest on deposits”), the option of evading deposit fees hardly exists today at all. With the widespread introduction of negative interest rates, negotiating exemption limits or switching banks usually brings only short-term relief.

The tendency toward predominantly liquidity- and security-oriented investing (86% of the companies surveyed, according to an October 2019 Commerzbank market study, in cooperation with forsa) has pushed companies to rethink their strategies. When it comes to term deposits, one of the most popular forms of investment, there are few opportunities to be found in the short-term at zero, much less with positive conditions. (This is exactly the gap in the market that Raisin’s platform for business customers fills, with, for example, overnight deposits at 0.16%).

The German average for deposits with a term of up to one year – the lowest in Europe – has been at -0.37% p.a. since November 2020. As the ECB’s data reveals, much of Europe is not far behind. Many companies are thus choosing the path of increasing investment in their own operations. Other solutions include investments in bonds, funds, shares, foreign currency investments, or certificates.

On the other hand, there are profiteers from negative rates, including companies for whom extremely favorable sources of borrowed capital are opening up. Favorable conditions in the area of financing are used to make promising investments.”

Sources

Raisin, ECB

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – biallo.at

Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be

France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions

Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de

Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie

Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it

Netherlands: RaboBank, ING, ABN – geld.nl, spaarrente.nl

Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no

Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl

Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt

Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es

Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se

United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

European savers all dressed up with nowhere to go? Not exactly

Savings-rich Europe still has deposit options – at least for retail consumers

Overloaded with cash, particularly following the 2020 spike in savings volumes across the continent, big banks have kept interest rates low, now even negative for an increasing number of retail clients. In most of Europe’s largest economies, however, the top interest rates available to depositors are 0.5% to 1% higher than the best rates at those countries’ largest banks.

Top deposit rates versus big banks

Taking advantage of those spreads, consumers stand to earn an actual profit on their savings – especially considering inflation, which is near or below 0% in Europe’s biggest markets. Given the expectation that inflation ticks back up in the new year, with the arrival of the Covid vaccine, this could be true particularly on shorter fixed-term deposits.

Nonetheless not a single country of those we survey saw increases in retail interest rates in the last month. Small drops – a few hundredths of a percent, for the most part – occurred in the top interest rates across southern Europe and the UK. We registered similar decreases in rates at the biggest banks in just four markets.

*Creating a ratio between Spain’s big bank average of 0% and the top offers of 0.750% is mathematically impossible but 750 better captures the real situation.

  • Gap between top rates and big banks: Germany and the UK, along with Spain, Italy, and Portugal, plus Norway, all feature spreads of 0.5% to 1% between their best available interest rates on the one hand, and rates at their largest banks on the other.
  • France, Belgium, and the Netherlands, plus Austria, aren’t far behind with gaps of just under 0.5%.
  • The last month’s big exception was the UK, dropping several tenths of a percent and out of the 1% club, with UK top offers falling below 1% for the first time since the summer.
  • Top offers in Italy, Sweden, Norway, and Poland are still in those airy ranks above 1%.

Top 1-year versus top 3-year interest rates

As markets continue to absorb each new round of pandemic news and the resultant economic impact, 3-year term deposits are only trending 0.2% to 0.3% higher than terms of 1-year and under across most of Europe.

  • The few outliers who feature wider spreads between short and longer term deposits offer determined depositors strong options: UK 3-year top rates are just over 0.3% higher than its 1-year rates, and we see especially high 3-year rates available in France and Italy.
  • Top available interest rates slipped ever so slightly on term deposits of both 1-year and less, as mentioned above, and 3 years, in Germany, Italy, the UK, and Norway.
  • Spain, meanwhile, is still experiencing the inverse situation, with its average top 1-year interest rates higher than its 3-year rates.

ECB Data: Retail interest rates

According to the European Central Bank’s newest data, Italy’s interest rates jumped on average, together with rising rates in the UK, while Benelux rates were down across the board. Germany and Spain remained stuck in place – in a very low place – and Denmark crashed through 0% to become the first European country with a negative average retail rate.

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

  • Italy and the Netherlands remain kings of the Euro-zone with the strongest average interest rates for their retail banking customers.
  • France and the UK continue to see competitive rates, particularly relative to their peer economies, Spain and Germany.
  • In smaller countries like Malta, Estonia, Slovakia, and Romania average rates are high enough to catch the outside investor’s eye.

ECB Data: Corporate interest rates

Aside from some signs of life in Eastern Europe, corporate interest rates on average continued their long downward slide, according to the European Central Bank’s new data from October 2020. Zero has provided no floor for business deposits, with nine markets paying negative rates on their cash and an average interest rate for corporates of -0.22% within the Euro area.

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

  • Major EU economies including Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Austria all continue to see rates for corporates at well below 0%.
  • Industrial stronghold Germany is still at the bottom with -0.36% on average.
  • From Austria eastward, however, business interest rates ticked upward on average, even if that meant climbing up toward 0% for Austria and Bulgaria.
  • Even Italy lost ground, though at 0.54% it still remains the highest in the Euro-zone, aside from Malta.

Comment on consumers’ options from Katharina Lueth


Raisin VP for Europe Katharina Lueth oversees the expansion beyond Germany of Raisin’s deposits marketplace. She spoke to the current savings situation in Europe and what options consumers face:

“We’ve seen a surge in savings volume during the pandemic. People are putting away a significant portion of their money due to the increased uncertainty, as well as simply a lack of opportunity to spend. Since the extreme market volatility starting last March, there has also been an increased focus on low risk. People want to retain access to their money in the short term, in case they need it. This means the majority of money is kept in current accounts earning no return – or worse, paying negative interest rates.

When people put so much money aside, they should ideally ensure some return on it. Even in areas of low and negative rates, returns can still be found. At a minimum to protect their savings in the face of inflation, and where possible for a profit. Those concerned about the short term can look to 3-month or 6-month term deposit products.

For consumers that are taking advantage of the available options, it’s often part of a smart saving approach: putting money into a savings product is a way to “separate” money the saver doesn’t want to spend, and thus helps them stick to their budget.”

 

Sources

Raisin, ECB

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – biallo.at
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

 

Raisin press contact
Nicole Breforth
Head of Corporate Communications
press@raisin.com

European stagnation: Too much cash at the big banks keeps driving rates further down

  • Italy remains an outlier with some of the highest rates in Europe
  • European economies show no mercy for most depositors, despite tiptoeing back the last few months
  • Businesses in two of Europe’s four largest economies pay negative rates 

Raisin’s latest savings market analysis shows that, as the pandemic begins a second wave, interest rates have continued to fall. European countries feature significant spreads, however, between the interest rates at the biggest banks and the most competitive available deposits. Consumers in Europe can take advantage of the more profitable interest rates by looking countrywide or even across borders, particularly as inflation has fallen, but also compare between shorter and longer-term offers.

Following the analysis, Raisin VP for Business Clients and Partnerships Benedikt Voller explains the liquidity situation banks find themselves in and how it also impacts customers.

 

COMPARISONS: RETAIL INTEREST RATES ANALYSIS BY RAISIN

Top 3 banks versus top 3 offers in European countries

Poland, Sweden, Italy, and Norway feature the widest spreads between interest rates offered by their biggest banks and each market’s top available rates. Top 1-year rates ticked downward across western and southern Europe in the face of the pandemic’s second wave. The biggest banks’ held steady in nearly every country.

Even with most countries averaging best rates under 1%, those top yields remain multiples higher than the largest banks on average – 4 times higher in the UK, 8 times higher in Italy, up to 105 times higher in Germany and more than 800 times higher in Spain.

*Creating a ratio between Spain’s big bank average of 0% and the top offers of 0.817% is mathematically impossible but 817 better captures the real situation. These rates are calculated excluding Raisin’s platform and, where one exists, any direct competitor in each market.

  • Downward trend: From the UK to France, Spain, Portugal and Italy, and up to Norway, top interest rates on 1-year deposits slipped.
  • No change at big banks, except: Interest rates at the biggest banks in Belgium gained, while 1-year rates at Norway and Sweden’s biggest banks fell slightly.
  • Pennies add up: Changes in the last month were all marginal – usually a few hundredths of a percent. Yet the shifts are enough to earn or lose tens of millions in interest across the continent, given that in just Germany, France, Spain and Italy there are over 6 trillion euros in household deposits, according to the ECB.

 

Top 1-year versus top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

Amidst an overall flatlining, Germany, France, Belgium and Spain all hover in place or sink yet further. With two of the highest savings rates in Europe, Spain and Germany are stuck at the lower end for top rates – meaning a ton of money sitting in the bank not earning great returns. Ireland’s few banks, flush with cash, continue to feature the lowest interest in Europe, while Italy’s stressed economy keeps its rates competitive despite sliding slightly the last few months.

  • The economics of shorter and longer term rates are on display between the 0.17% spread in Germany – where there’s less risk but lower expectation for growth – and a 0.75% spread in Italy, with a higher risk factor but also a modicum of growth potential.
  • Still, central and southern Europe have options, with top rates from 0.57% to 1.85%.
  • Spain continues to experience an inversion with the highest available 1-year rates topping than 3-year rates.
  • The top rates in Norway continue a months-long downwards trend.

 

ECB DATA: RETAIL INTEREST RATES

The end of summer saw upticks in retail rates on average in most of Europe. Across the Euro area nearly every country is seeing lower interest rates, however, compared to fall 2019, from just a couple of basis points lower in Spain and Germany to -39 basis points in France.

The latest announcements from the European Central Bank point to rates undergoing further pressure downward in December and suggest that the ECB will proceed with some easing of its monetary policy stance. President Lagarde mentioned at her recent press conference that, “we have little doubt, given what is expected as a result of the risks that we are seeing, that circumstances will warrant the recalibration and the implementation of this recalibrated package.”


Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

  • Spain and Ireland’s average interest rate on term deposits 1-year or less are down to 0.01% and 0.02% respectively.
  • Of the largest five economies, average rates in Germany, the UK, and Spain all sank at the start of autumn, while France and Italy climbed to 0.56% and 0.64%.
  • Eastern and northern Europe saw gains, with rates in Denmark, Poland, Slovakia, Finland and Latvia all rising on average.

 

ECB DATA: CORPORATE INTEREST RATES

The magic numbers are 1, 2, and 3: half of the countries in our European Central Bank data went up or down 1, 2, or 3 basis points. But this also means businesses in nine European countries still pay negative interest on their deposits on average, and another nine countries earn less than 0.10%.

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

  • Austria and Estonia were the unfortunate outliers, with interest on corporate accounts there dropping -29 and -14 basis points.
  • Italy and Malta by contrast leapt 85 and 35 basis points, setting businesses there up to earn tidy little returns on their cash.
  • Corporates in Germany, Spain, and Ireland continue to face dismally low interest rates well below 0%, paying penalties, in effect, for any money in the bank.

 

Benedikt Voller

 

Raisin VP for Business Clients and Partnerships Benedikt Voller explains how banks are experiencing the current low rates as well as fiscal stresses caused by the Coronavirus pandemic:

“In the current environment of ongoing low and negative interest rates, European banks have received guidance from the ECB to keep economies across Europe afloat, accompanied by liquidity being pumped into the market via pandemic-related subsidies. As a result, however, many banks are facing an over-liquid situation on their balance sheets. Not all the deposits can be used to create more assets and deliver loans onto the market. Significant costs thus occur, including:

  • Payments of bank levies and contributions to Deposit Guarantee Schemes
  • Increased equity requirements that are based on the amount of deposits held
  • Negative interest penalties for liquidity placed in the wholesale market or directly held by the ECB

In order to minimise the impact, retail banks must often lower interest rates for customers, sometimes even pushing rates below zero, to nudge customers’ liquidity into other products. Or simply away, to other providers. This creates not just a dilemma for customers – missing potential yields on their savings and having to leave their home banks – but also for banks. Financial institutions stand to lose long-standing customer relationships unless they succeed in offsetting low or negative rates with attractive enough alternative products or services. So the current liquidity situation is driving banks to look for innovative solutions to the longer-term interest rate impasse.”

 

Sources: ECB, Raisin

 

Austria: Erste Bank, Raiffeisenlandesbank Oberösterreich, Bawag – biallo.at
Belgium: ING Belgium, KBC, Belfius Bank – spaargids.be
France: BNP Paribas, Credit Mutuel, Societe Generale – francetransactions
Germany: Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, HypoVereinsbank – biallo.de
Ireland: Bank of Ireland, Allied Irish Banks, Ulster Bank – ccpc.ie
Italy: UniCredit, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Mediobanca – confrontaconti.it
Norway: DNB, Danske, Nordea – finansportalen.no
Poland: PKO Bank Polski, Bank Pekao, mBank – oprocentowanie.pl
Portugal: Novo Banco, BPI, BCP – comparaja.pt
Spain: Santander, BBVA, Caixabank – tucapital.es
Sweden: Nordea, SEB, Svenska Handelsbanken – finansportalen.se
United Kingdom: HSBC, Barclays, RBS – which.co.uk

With 4.7 trillion euros in overnight accounts, Europeans leave interest rates up to 1.85% on the table

In new research, pan-European savings marketplace Raisin has found a wider-than-ever gap between low interest rates at the largest banks and the – much higher – best available deposits across Europe. Despite the European single market, banking customers are getting wildly different offers depending on where they live and where they bank. Their access to a return on their savings depends on their ability to ditch the biggest banks and head out to greener pastures at other institutions. Corporate customers are in even more dire straits, with businesses in most of Europe paying a penalty for keeping cash in the bank.

 

COMPARISONS: RETAIL INTEREST RATES ANALYSIS BY RAISIN

Top 3 banks versus top 3 offers in European countries

The top interest rates slumped this month for most Europeans but they are still many multiples higher than fixed-term savings offers at the biggest banks. Only the UK, Norway, and Poland bucked the trend, with top available interest rates going up. And as ever, the Irish remain stuck with the lowest interest rates in Europe.

These rates are calculated excluding Raisin’s platform and, where one exists, any direct competitor in each market.

  • Best interest rates in Europe: Best offers in the UK, Sweden, Norway, Italy, and Poland are at well over 1%.
  • Worst rates: Customers at the biggest banks in Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal and Poland all facing fixed-term interest rates under 0.05%. If they switch to other providers their yields multiply 10 to 30 x higher.
  • Not worst, but…: Depositors in Ireland, Austrian, Belgium and Italy face not much better with big bank rates hovering around 0.1%.
  • 70 cents vs. 70 euros: German interest rate gap stretches to a 105 x difference between average big bank deposits and top available rates. A banking customer with 10,000 euros in a 1-year deposit at one of the biggest banks ends up with a 70 cent profit, against a 70 euro return if they go with the market’s top offers. The situation is even more dramatic in Spain, where customers at the biggest banks are earning 0 euros on 10,000 euros 1-year deposits, but if they go with the top offer they come home with 97 euros. In France it’s a 20 to 73 euros difference, and a 2.30 to 47 euros gap in the Netherlands.

 

Top 1-year versus top 3-year deposit rates in European countries

Europeans in the Eurozone alone have 4.7 trillion euros on current accounts earning no interest. The top offers suggest that, unless they’re moving money out of the big banks, they’re losing tens of billions.

  • In face of the coronavirus pandemic, many people don’t want to lock their savings away right now for the longer term, but fixed-term deposits of 1-year and less still offer profitability.
  • Consumers in Europe’s five largest economies (UK, DE, FR, ES, IT) can find top rates between 0.70% and 1.85%.
  • Most top rates slipped downward. Only the UK, Poland, and France saw small upticks.
  • Italy has the highest spread between 1-year and 3-year deposit with 0.67%, while in Norway there’s hardly a difference with 1- to 3-year terms at 1.50 % and 1.51%.

 

ECB DATA: RETAIL INTEREST RATES

Another month, another drop in average interest rates in Europe. The European Central Bank’s latest data from August, released in early October, shows nearly every country losing ground on the most common fixed term deposits 1-year or less.

But the spread of rates for consumers across Europe remains wide, from 0.02% in Ireland and Spain to just over half a percent in France and Italy, to 0.97% in the Netherlands, to 1.63% in Romania.

Average Retail Rates across Europe – ECB

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

  • Italy, France, and the UK were the hardest hit large economies in terms of interest rates falling.
  • Ireland is truly stuck, and from an interest rate perspective the worst place to be stuck (the bottom).
  • Though nearly all the major economies slipped at least a few basis points, German savers were among the few who escaped punishment, with the German average even moving up a (single) basis point.
  • And in a late summer surge that our research above suggests won’t last, Denmark’s average rate shot up an astonishing 67 basis points. (Let’s hope Danish depositors locked in August’s high rate.)

 

ECB DATA: CORPORATE INTEREST RATES

Businesses have fewer options across the continent when it comes to leaving their cash in the bank. Ten markets still feature negative rates on average, according to the European Central Bank’s most recent data. In another ten, corporate deposits only offer between 0% and 0.1%.

Average Corporate Rates across Europe – ECB

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

  • German corporates are still at rock bottom with an average interest rate of -0.34%, the Netherlands not far behind at -0.29%.
  • Italy and France (0.01% and 0.02%) are at least above water, along with the Baltics and Eastern Europe.
  • Of Europe’s five largest economies, only the UK is up (“up”) at 0.09%. Grateful for the small things.

 

Is it risky to invest deposits in countries with higher interest rates? 

Not exactly, Raisin France General Director Emmanuel Rodriguez explains. He also reveals what most Europeans still don’t know about sending their savings across borders.

“Interest rates on fixed-term deposits always indicate a balance: on one side the risk level investors are willing to accept by depositing their cash, and on the other the growth the banking sector expects. More risk means investors will be expecting a higher interest rate to compensate for depositing their money with that bank and/or the country where it’s domiciled. The financial crisis of 2008-2010 illustrated this point. But one shouldn’t forget the other side of the equation. It reflects the bank’s appetite for funding and expectation for economic growth going forward. If the economic outlook isn’t optimistic, banks aren’t willing to lock in medium/long term funding with higher rates for economic activity that may not materialize. This can be particularly the case in countries highly dependent on exports (e.g. Germany) but also countries where competition is not at play, either because the banking sector is highly concentrated or because its residents have an overall preference for saving instead of borrowing.

“What most regular retail customers don’t realize though, is that they can simply ‘arbitrage’ the market, accessing higher rates with other providers’ top offers – in their home market and elsewhere in Europe – without taking any market risk. European countries and their local banks have all signed onto the European Deposit Insurance scheme. Up to 100,000 euros per person per bank are guaranteed. Furthermore, the single market for banking services is being pushed forward right now, with Europe adopting and implementing additional measures to make the European banking sector even more secure and accessible. This redounds directly to the benefit of European retail banking customers.”

Sources: European Central Bank, Raisin

 

 

Amid uncertainty, Germany looks sturdier than expected as ECB pushes for stronger European Banking Union

With each new release of economic data since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, Europe’s markets are readjusting. Europe’s largest economy, Germany, may not have sustained the degree of losses first suspected, but the longer-term outlook across the continent appears grim. The European Central Bank (ECB) has advocated for strong action to stimulate the economy, while providing banks significant relief and continuing to pursue its negative interest strategy. The ECB may follow the U.S. Federal Reserve’s new step to aim for a higher inflation level as well.

In an August 26th speech by ECB Executive Board member Isabel Schnabel, which offered an “overall positive assessment of the ECB’s experience with negative interest rates,” she placed the strategy in a broader context:

“While the ECB can mitigate potential negative effects, solutions to the underlying structural causes go beyond the remit of monetary policy. These problems include problems of overbanking and a lack of pan-European mergers, which would require the completion of the European Banking Union, as well as the advancement of the capital markets union, which have become ever more important in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.”

 

COMPARISONS:

While the European Central Bank advocates for single market, national differences remain stark

Consumers in Europe’s largest economies including Germany, Spain, and Italy continue to experience huge interest rate spreads in the deposits market. At the three largest banks in Germany savers can expect a yield on their 1-year term deposits of 0.01%, functionally paying the banks to keep their savings.

Top available offers in Germany average 0.99%, however, enabling depositors who actively seek out the most competitive products to earn up to 74 times more than big bank customers and to beat current inflation numbers.

In Italy customers of the three biggest banks likewise earn just an average of 0.17% on their 1-year term deposits whereas, moving to smaller institutions featuring Italy’s top available deposit products, they can earn up to 1.27% – the highest rate in Europe and eight times higher than the big banks’ best offers.

In Spain depositors shifting their money from 0.10% interest rates at the largest three Spanish banks can earn ten times more, up to 0.99%, with the market’s top offers.

Similarly, smaller markets like Belgium, Portugal, Austria, Sweden and Poland all continue to see top available interest rates on 1-year deposits at five to more than 20 times higher than the yields offered by the countries’ big banks.

 

Note: we only display two decimal points. These rates are calculated excluding Raisin’s platform and, where one exists, any direct competitor in each market.

Medium-term term deposits appear less attractive as top offers slump across most of Europe

The spread between interest on 1-year and 3-year deposit offers remains narrow in much of Europe. There is a difference of less than 2 tenths of a percent between interest rates on top 1-year and top 3-year term deposits in Spain, Portugal, Belgium, and Ireland, along with Norway and Denmark in Scandinavia and in Eastern Europe Poland and Romania.

In Germany, the average top 1-year rate is once again higher than the top average 3-year rate. While Germany’s top 1-year interest rates jumped from 0.89% at the end of June to 0.99% now, with top 1-year rates in Spain and Belgium also ticking upward slightly, top interest rates across the rest of Europe slackened.

Outside the Eurozone, both top 1- and top 3-year interest rates in the UK, Poland, and Norway tanked. In the UK top 1-year rates sank from 0.83% in late June to 0.66% today, according to Raisin’s research. Norway’s 1-year top rate plunged from 2.27% in June to 1.94% today and Poland’s from an early summer 1.60% to 1.30% now.

 

 

RETAIL INTEREST RATES:

Despite sustained low rates, Europeans still have access to profitable returns on savings

With few exceptions, average interest rates on term deposits of 1-year or less are down compared to summer 2019, according to the European Central Bank’s latest data. Among the hardest hit between June 2019 and June 2020 were France, the Netherlands, and the UK, losing between 30 and 45 basis points. Greece also lost 30 basis points compared to June 2019, with interest rates in Finland (-22), Poland (-95) and the Czech Republic (-116) plunging as well.

Germany and Sweden are among the few markets that saw an increase in June 2020 relative to one year earlier, with Germany up slightly by 7 basis points and Sweden by 10.

Of the markets we analyse in and outside the Eurozone, 14 currently have average rates stuck at under 0.2%, including Germany, Ireland, and Spain. By contrast Italy, France, and the UK feature average rates well over half a percent, at 0.64%, 0.81%, and 0.69% respectively.

 

Average Retail Rates across Europe – ECB

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

 

CORPORATE INTEREST RATES:

German and Italian corporate interest rates fell while Spanish and Irish saw gains

According to the European Central Bank’s latest data the Eurozone’s average interest rate on corporate deposits of 1 year or less – now at -0.14% – lost 1500% since June 2019, amounting to just 15 basis points. The Benelux markets as well as Germany, Ireland and Spain all feature on average negative interest for corporate deposits.

Between May and June, Ireland and Spain jumped 9 and 10 basis points respectively, though still below 0%, with Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg also climbing 3 to 6 basis points.

Corporate rates on average fell in Germany and Italy, -9 and -12 basis points respectively, leaving Germany with the lowest average rate at -0.33%. Lithuania (-13 basis points) and Estonia (-14 basis points) also lost significant ground.

 

Average Corporate Rates across Europe – ECB

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

 

Other sources: European Central Bank, Raisin, Bloomberg, Bloomberg, Financial Times.

 

Savings rates rise during lockdowns, interest rates decline along with inflation

Angela Merkel’s late-breaking proposal to join Macron in supporting some form of Eurobonds to support the Eurozone’s hardest hit countries, puts her in line for the moment with the European Central Bank’s determinedly pro-Euro stance. Thus the EU and Eurozone appear to have received the boost they need to recover economically from the pandemic. The ECB warns that the path forward will nonetheless offer enormous challenges.

The Consumer Confidence Index plunged across Europe over the last several months while savings rates went up sharply as consumers cut their spending in light of the uncertainty due to the pandemic. The European overall inflation rate has also dropped significantly to 0.1%, the lowest level since the summer of 2016, from 1.4% in January 2020.

 

RETAIL RATES:

Pandemic fails to put a dent in interest rate decline

The latest European Central Bank data on interest rates across Europe indicates a slight decline overall, as the Czech Republic dove -30 basis points from the previous month and Denmark -11 basis points.

Ten European markets did not move more than 1 basis point in either direction, however, including Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands and Ireland. Germany and France both slid -3 basis points.

On the upside  Italy and the UK both bounced as of the ECB’s March data, 12 and 8 basis points upward respectively, along with the smaller markets of Latvia (13 basis points up) and Slovenia (11 basis points up). According to our more recent data top rates in both Italy and the UK subsequently sank, likely bringing the average back down (see below).

Average Retail Rates across Europe – ECB

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

 

COMPARISONS:

Indications of upturn in top rates flatten out as Germany slips back down

Raisin collects current intelligence on interest rates across the continent (two months ahead of the latest ECB data), which shows that the April uptick in interest rates held steady in Austria, the Netherlands, and Sweden. But the upward movement has stopped overall, with just three small increases.

Germany, the UK, and Poland all took big hits: the UK’s top 1-year rate fell from 1.52% last month to 1.18% this month, Poland’s from 2.32% to 1.92% this month, and Germany from 1.05% to 0.98%.

*This data excludes offers on Raisin platforms. The “top offers” category excludes offers from the three biggest banks and reflects the market’s best available offers outside those banks.

 

Top 1-year and 3-year rates

Average of the top 3 term deposit offers for retail customers based on local comparison sites as of 19/05/2020. Criteria: EUR 10,000 deposit; 1 product per bank; offers for both new and existing clients.

Due to the decrease in top interest rates in Germany, April saw a small contraction of the “interest rate shears” in Germany – the gap between the extremely low rates available from the country’s largest banks and the top available offers. Otherwise though there was almost no movement across Europe narrowing or widening the disparity between big banks and best offers.

 

Comparing big banks to top available offers

Average of 1-year term deposit offers for retail customers offered by the 3 largest banks in the local market; as of 19/05/2020. Criteria: EUR 10,000 deposit; offers for both new and existing clients. Usually, largest banks based on balance sheet size, which offer term deposits.

 

CORPORATE RATES:

Interest rate increases in France, Spain and Italy countered by overall descent

The Eurozone average interest rates on corporate deposits slipped to -0.09%, with Finland dropping -27 basis points to -0.02% and Estonia and Austria -14 and -6 basis points respectively.

But several markets saw good news for business depositors. France and Spain emerged out of negative territory: Spain jumped 26 basis points and France 15 basis points. Italy meanwhile jumped 49 basis points, leaving negative rates behind to reach 0.27% in the more recent ECB data.

Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and Ireland, meanwhile, all descended further below zero, meaning corporates are paying ever more for the privilege of depositing their cash with banks.

 

Corporate rates

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

Other sources: European Central Bank, Raisin, Bloomberg, The Economist.

Header image: by j on Unsplash

Raisin interest rate analysis: Cash is king – and smaller banks are raising rates to attract it

European banks appear to be much better prepared for the current economic crisis, caused by the global coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdowns to get it under control, than they were for the last crisis in 2009 and 2010. Capital markets and investment banks are facing a lot more uncertainty.

As panicked Europeans move their money into cash deposits, the largest European banks are sinking their interest rates yet further. But Raisin’s latest data suggest that there are key exceptions: European banks looking for funding, welcoming consumers’ increasing desire for liquidity and raising their interest rates.

 

COMPARISONS:

Raisin’s April data shows top retail rates across Europe coasting or even trending upward

Raisin has researched the top interest rates on 1- and 3-year deposits in nine Eurozone countries and six non-Eurozone ones. According to the newest data, Germany’s top rates have risen by more than a third since mid-February, now up to 1.05% on average for top 1-year deposits and 1.14% for 3-year deposits, according to Raisin’s own research. Top rates in the Netherlands have also ticked upward since the start of 2020, if less dramatically.

In both the UK and Ireland, meanwhile, top rates are falling, with Ireland at a new low of 0.07% since March. In the UK, top rates, while up since last month, are still lower than their January 2020 levels of 1.60% (1-year) and 1.92% (3-year).

Meanwhile after months of stasis, both Spain and Italy have experienced a change, possibly reflecting the devastating impact of the pandemic on each country’s economy. Spain and Italy’s average top 3-year rates have both moved upward.

Raisin platforms in Germany, Spain, the Netherlands and elsewhere have registered an upward trend across Europe, as 31 of the fintech’s partner banks have increased interest rates since the beginning of march..

 

Average of the top 3 term deposit offers for retail customers based on local comparison sites as of 21/04/2020. Criteria: EUR 10,000 deposit; 1 product per bank; offers for both new and existing clients.

 

Savings markets across Europe leave big banks in the dust – except for Ireland

Raisin’s research also reveals the gaps between rates offered by each country’s largest three banks and the country’s best available offers excluding those banks.*

Within the Eurozone Germany continues to experience a massive divide: between the 0.01% depositors get at the largest three German banks, on the one hand, and an average of 1.05% from top available offers, on the other. The precise ratio has more than doubled in the last 6 months. Outside the Eurozone Denmark shares a similarly dramatic “interest rate gap” with top banks offering ca. 0% on 1-year retail deposits and top available offers averaging 0.58%.

As long as rates are so low, however, the ratio itself remains deceptive: in fact, nearly every European country currently sees a significant difference between the rates their largest banks are able to offer customers and the best interest rates available in those countries outside the big banks.

Ireland’s largest three banks are beating the market’s top offers , though both the big banks and the top offers are stuck at or under 0.10%.

Spain, meanwhile, with the same low average rate from big banks as Ireland (0.10%), features much more competitive top available offers, with the top three averaging 1.09%.

*This data excludes offers on Raisin platforms. The “top offers” category excludes offers from the three biggest banks and reflects the market’s best available offers outside those banks.

 

Average of 1-year term deposit offers for retail customers offered by the 3 largest banks in the local market; as of 21/04/2020. Criteria: EUR 10,000 deposit; offers for both new and existing clients. Usually, largest banks based on balance sheet size, which offer term deposits.

 

RETAIL RATES:
ECB data: Italy and Germany buck the relentless downward trend

Despite widespread drops in retail interest rates across Europe between January and February, the European Central Bank’s latest data shows Italy pushing the Eurozone’s average rate upward. With Italy up 28 basis points from last month the country’s average interest rate on deposits up to 1-year is now at 1.42%, the only market in the Eurozone over 1%.

Five Eurozone countries currently average under a tenth of a percent interest on the deposit up to 1-year, with another nine countries under half a percent.

Germany, with its average at 0.15%, continues an upward trend, while Spain, France, and the UK slip -1, -2, and -4 basis points respectively. Spain’s average rate of 0.01% has now bypassed Ireland’s on its downward trend to become the lowest average in Europe of all the countries in the ECB’s data.

 

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

 

CORPORATE RATES:
No relief for corporates in European deposit market

The Eurozone average for corporate interest rates began 2020 with a drop of  -7 basis points only to sink -5 basis points further in February, according to the latest European Central Bank data.

Across all of Western Europe corporates on average are paying for their deposits, with rates at below zero, except Portugal where the average corporate deposit yield is still just 0.05%. Germany has not seen the same uptick  in corporate deposits that the country’s average retail deposits experienced. Both Germany and Spain now average the lowest in the Eurozone at -0.25% on business deposits. Italy with -0.23% and the Netherlands at -0.17% are not far above them.

A further six countries are at or below a tenth of a percent. Only Finland (0.25%), Estonia (0.27%), Greece (0.35%) and Malta (0.83%) have sustained corporate interest rates above a quarter of a percent.

 

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

Other sources: European Central Bank, Raisin, Bloomberg, The Economist.

Header image: by Edwin Hooper on Unsplash

The corona economy: Will Europeans face the challenge with solidarity, or splinter apart?

Massive rescue packages on both sides of the Atlantic have been passed to bail out the hardest hit industries, prevent layoffs, provide fast relief to those unable to work and in other ways dampen the worst immediate impact of the new recession. Italy, together with France, Spain and a handful of the other EU countries suffering most acutely, have pressed for Eurobonds. However Germany and the Netherlands appear unlikely to budge in their opposition. A fairly deep recession is expected, though without an effective pan-European action it will strike very unevenly across the continent.

 

Retail Deposit Interest Rates

Europe’s largest economies see turnaround in retail rates, now ticking upward

The European Central Bank’s latest release of interest rate data – from each European market as of January 2020 – shows that, already prior to the coronavirus outbreak, rates had shifted direction, now moving upward.

This increase was driven primarily by Germany, France and Italy, with the UK and Sweden outside the Eurozone, along with several smaller countries in and outside the zone, also seeing small jumps.

Current Retail Deposit Interest Rates in the EU

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

Comparing Top Offers: Biggest Banks vs. Markets’ Best Rates

Germany leads a limited upswing, Spain remains stuck, while UK and Ireland continue to sink

Data collected by Raisin at the end of March for 9 Eurozone markets and 6 non-Eurozone markets indicates even stronger increase of close to 25% in both 1- and 3-year interest rates in Germany, with both terms now averaging over 1%. It is the first time German average 1-year rates have topped 1% since July 2019.

The Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and Poland also saw significant upward movement on both 1- and 3-year average interest rates, after all ending 2019 with stagnation or decreases.

Top rates on 1- and 3-year deposits in the UK, Ireland and Austria, on the other hand, all continued to fall into 2020, after steadily sinking in the final months of 2019. Top offers in Ireland are especially low, with a crushing 0.07% average interest on a 1-year term deposit.

Comparison: Highest Retail Deposit Interest Rates in the EU

Average of the top 3 term deposit offers for retail customers based on local comparison sites as of 25/03/2020. Criteria:  EUR 10,000 deposit; 1 product per bank; offers for both new and existing clients.

While biggest banks stay stuck at rock bottom rates, top offers fall and rise capriciously

Across Europe, the differences between a market’s top available offers and its biggest banks’ offers remain a striking measure of stagnant low rates at the large banks. Since the start of 2020 the significant changes have occurred in top retail offers available to consumers outside of the largest banks.

Most notably in Germany, the three biggest banks continue month after month to offer on average just 0.01% interest on a 1-year deposit. Meanwhile the average of the country’s best available offers has been much more volatile: dropping from January’s 0.88% to 0.80% in February, only to leap up to 1.02% in March.

As a result, the ratio of the biggest banks’ average rate to the averaged best offers has narrowed and then gaped back open. The top available 1-year offers are currently 76 times higher than the big banks’ deposits.*

* The top offers in our analysis exclude those available on Raisin’s platforms.

Comparison: Retail Deposit Interest Rates of the 3 Largest Banks

Average of 1-year term deposit offers for retail customers offered by the 3 largest banks in the local market; as of 25/03/2020. Criteria: EUR 10,000 deposit; offers for both new and existing clients. Usually, largest banks based on balance sheet size, which offer term deposits.

 

Corporate Deposit Interest Rates

Largest European markets see corporate rates plunge, though Germany escapes the collapse

The new year saw interest rates for corporates tumble, with large decreases sweeping from Austria through Italy to France, Spain and Ireland along with several Baltic and Eastern European states.

Of Europe’s large economies only German corporate deposits experienced an echo of the increases in the retail deposit market with an upward movement of 11 basis points. However German companies can hardly rejoice: their average interest rate on deposits of up to 1 year is still below zero.

Corporate rates in Italy and Spain meanwhile began 2020 with drops of 58 basis points, the largest decreases in Europe. For Spain this reversed several months of significant increases at the end of 2019. But for Italy the fall is a continuation of months of decline in corporate interest rates, from 0.44% in November 2019 to January 2020’s -0.20%.

Current Corporate Deposit Interest Rates in the Euro Area

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

Other Sources
European Central Bank, Raisin, Bloomberg, FT

Image: Markus Spiske on Unsplash

Europe awaits next Central Bank announcement as Covid-19 wreaks havoc on markets

As we approach the upcoming March 12th announcement on rates and policy from the European Central Bank, global concerns about the spread of Covid-19, “the Coronavirus,” dominate economic headlines. Traders looking for safety amid panicky stock markets are turning to bonds around the world, while Europe worries how a potential pandemic could damage already stagnating economies. The impact of virus-related disruptions to supply chains is expected to become more discernible over the coming weeks.

 

Retail Deposit Interest Rates

Low, lower, lowest: European Central Bank released final 2019 interest rate data

The most recent European Central Bank data from markets across Europe reveals that, through 2019, only Estonia, Luxembourg and Slovenia escaped the year-long collapse of retail interest rates. Although Italy also saw an upward jump of 22 basis points in its average 1-year retail rate in the last month of 2019, it was still 3 basis points shy of its previous year’s level.

Eurozone’s largest three economies, Germany, France and Spain, saw rates slip further at year end

One-year retail interest rates in Germany, France, and the Netherlands all fell between 10 and 18 basis points between November and December of last year. Likewise Spain and Ireland sank marginally, keeping both markets at the lowest level in Europe with a 0.02% average interest rate for a 1-year term deposit.

Non-Euro countries didn’t escape the downward slide

Outside the Eurozone, both Poland and Croatia saw big interest rate drops, of 62 and 21 basis points respectively, throughout 2019. The United Kingdom also lost ground in the last month of 2019, falling 14 basis points in one month, with a drop of 10 basis points over the entire course of 2019. The other non-Euro countries fared no better than Euro countries, with all but Sweden seeing falling or stagnating rates.

Measured purely against projected 2020 inflation rates (1.38% on average in the Eurozone and 1.69% on average outside), the average European depositor with average 1-year term deposit interest rates is losing money on their savings.

Current Retail Deposit Interest Rates in the EU

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

 

Comparing Top Offers: Biggest Banks vs. Markets’ Best Rates

Within Eurozone only Italian top rates rise – outside Eurozone rates are much higher

Other than a small increase in Italy’s top 1-year interest rates, top interest rates across the Eurozone hovered at the same levels as last month or dipped. Top average German 1-year interest rates dropped again this month below the market’s top 3-year rates, after a bump last month where German 1-year rates were higher than 3-year.

Ireland, where rates are already rock bottom, sank even lower, so that top available rates are only two hundredths of a percent higher than the big banks’ average.

Outside the Eurozone, just Norway saw an increase across the board with top average 1-year interest rates at 2.35% and 3-year interest rates at 2.36%.

Comparison: Highest Retail Deposit Interest Rates in the EU

Average of the top 3 term deposit offers for retail customers based on local comparison sites as of 17/02/2020. Criteria:  EUR 10,000 deposit; 1 product per bank; offers for both new and existing clients.

If smaller or foreign banks step in where big banks feature low rates, consumers have to choose – but at least they have a choice

With a collapse to ca. 0% in the biggest three banks’ rate in Denmark, the differential of the largest Danish banks’ offers to the market’s best available offers has shot up to 175. This makes even Germany’s infamous interest rate gap look undramatic. Germany meanwhile closed its interest rate “shears” slightly from last month’s ratio of 66, with best offers now 60 times higher than those of Germany’s biggest banks.

In the Eurozone, Spain and Portugal still see a significant gap between the interest offered at the country’s biggest banks and the top available offers, while outside the Eurozone both Romanians and Swedish consumers face a huge differential between top available offers and big banks.

In Ireland, the UK and Norway, the gap between big banks and the markets’ top offers is not as extreme. In the UK, this points to the relatively strong rates offered by the biggest banks. In Ireland, however, this narrow gap signifies the poor choice of interest rates available to Irish consumers across the board.*

* The top offers in our analysis exclude those available on Raisin’s platforms.

Comparison: Retail Deposit Interest Rates of the 3 Largest Banks

Average of 1-year term deposit offers for retail customers offered by the 3 largest banks in the local market; as of 17/02/2020. Criteria: EUR 10,000 deposit; offers for both new and existing clients. Usually, largest banks based on balance sheet size, which offer term deposits.

 

Corporate Deposit Interest Rates

Bleak German corporate rates drag European average down, but other markets are still low

Corporate interest rates sank 116.7% over 2019 across Europe – but Germany’s 214.3% drop over 2019 skewed the European average.

With Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Belgium and Ireland all featuring on average negative interest rates for corporate deposits, and another eight countries under 0.1%, European businesses are broadly being punished for their cash on hand.

Only in Spain, Italy, Malta and Greece, all between 0.38% and 0.5%, are corporate deposits escaping the worst penalties, but even they are still nowhere close to beating inflation.

Current Corporate Deposit Interest Rates in the Euro Area

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

Other Sources
European Central Bank, Raisin, Bloomberg

 

More banks will pass on negative interest to depositors, following ECB’s decision to leave low rates in place

The European Central Bank will focus over the next year on performing a deep review of ECB policy stances, with a view to shaping a new approach to meet the coming decades. With ECB president Christine Lagarde’s announcement last month that the central bank sees no rate hikes or major policy shift on the immediate horizon, bank heads have begun to speak more forthrightly on the fix they see themselves put in.

This is particularly noticeable in Germany, where rates have been punishingly low on the largest banking market in continental Europe. An increasing number of banks in Germany and the Netherlands have announced that they will be passing negative rates on to retail customers for the first time. Spanish private banking clients have also already begun facing negative rates on their deposit holdings.

Meanwhile 2019 ended with disappointing European economic data and the occurrence at last of Brexit appears to have dampened the UK economy.

Europeans have already lost 350 billion EUR

A new study from German financial news portal Franke Media indicates that since 2011 Europeans have lost upwards of 350 billion EUR due to the sustained period of low interest. In 2019 their data suggest that those in the Benelux countries, Germany, and Austria suffered the most, losing more than 350 EUR per person on average. In Spain, France, and Ireland, the study shows the average saver to have lost between 130 and 180 EUR to low interest rates.

The ECB’s recent data on retail and corporate rates continues to show the slight downward trend we’ve been seeing. Raisin’s own analysis, however, comparing top rates from big banks in each individual market with those markets’ top available offers, reveals several significant new movements.

 

Retail Deposit Interest Rates

Interest on 1-year deposits slides, with threat of further penalties looming

The ECB’s most recent data reflect sinking retail interest rates across many European markets. Bucking the trend France ticked upward by 5 basis points while Germany, Belgium, and Ireland each moved up by 1 basis point. Malta and Latvia alone experienced 10 or more basis points in change in 1-year term deposit rates, since the last data release – both downward. All other markets in the European Economic Area felt just small shifts up or down.

As for the longer view, only in the Czech Republic, Estonia, and Romania are 1-year rates significantly up from the same time one year ago (27, 44, and 25 basis points respectively).

Current Retail Deposit Interest Rates in the EU

Average interest rate for new deposits, private households; maturities ≤ 1 year, ECB data. Note: The Dutch Central Bank time-series for deposits with maturities up to one year includes a country-specific “construction depot” with higher average rates than overnight and term deposits.

Retail Rates: Comparing Top Offers

German and Spanish top 3-year rates slip below top 1-year rates

The top 3-year rates in Germany on average are now lower than the averaged top 1-year rates for deposits. Similarly Spanish 3-year deposit rates are a fraction under Spanish 1-year rates, a relationship which has held steady for over a year. Otherwise, across the European Economic Area only Norway is showing the same trend.

Once again rates stagnated or sank even lower. Within the Eurozone just Italy maintains rates on 1- and 3-year term deposits above 1.25% – at 1.32% and 1.85% respectively. Nonetheless, the three largest Italian banks don’t come close to beating inflation for their depositors, with the average of their top offers on 1-year terms at a low 0.17% (see next chart).

Comparison: Highest Retail Deposit Interest Rates in the EU

Average of the top 3 term deposit offers for retail customers based on local comparison sites as of 28/01/2020. Criteria:  EUR 10,000 deposit; 1 product per bank; offers for both new and existing clients.

The rate gap between big banks and top available offers opens wider

The yawning gap between the average interest offered by Germany’s 3 largest banks and the average rates on Germany’s top available offers* has stretched even farther. This places pressure on German depositors to stay active and search for the best offers, but also shows that there are opportunities for those willing to move their savings, as well as for smaller banks in need of high quality retail funding.

The ratio in much of Europe ranges between 5 and 8 times higher rates for depositors who move their money away from the biggest three banks in their home market, and to top available offers. Given the pervasive low rates overall, this activism on the part of depositors remains the only path to beat inflation and even break even on their savings.

In Italy and Spain in particular, savers can earn ca. a percent more on 1-year deposits (8 to 11 times the interest) with the market’s top offers.

* The top offers in our analysis exclude those available on Raisin’s platforms

Comparison: Retail Deposit Interest Rates of the 3 Largest Banks

Average of 1-year term deposit offers for retail customers offered by the 3 largest banks in the local market; as of 28/01/2020. Criteria: EUR 10,000 deposit; offers for both new and existing clients. Usually, largest banks based on balance sheet size, which offer term deposits.

Corporate Deposit Interest Rates

Despite average increase, companies in 7 Eurozone markets get no interest at all – or must even pay for their cash holdings

At the last release of ECB data on interest rates that we analyzed, only three countries had corporate rates over 0.5% on terms at or under 1-year – Italy, Greece and Malta. Now two of those, Italy and Greece, have seen their corporate rates sink to 0.44 and 0.46% respectively, with five markets below 0.1%.

An additional 7 markets are still at or below 0%: the Benelux countries, Germany and Austria, plus Spain and Ireland.

Current Corporate Deposit Interest Rates in the Euro Area

 

Average interest rate for new deposits, corporates, maturities ≤ 1 year, Euro Area Statistics.

Other Sources
European Central Bank, Raisin, Bloomberg, CNBC, The New York Times, Tagesschau, Franke Media, Sueddeutsche Zeitung, NLTimes.nl.

Feature image: Maryna Yazbeck on Unsplash